终极一班之天凌:CPC's history through foreign lens II
来源：百度文库 编辑：汝南网 时间：2020/02/29 16:01:26
CPC's history through foreign lens II
Sino-Soviet split (1963): brothers turned into enemies
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From July 15 to the end of October 1963, Soviet newspapers, magazines and radio issued and broadcasted over 1,100 anti-China articles, of which an open letter from the Central Committee of the CPSU revealed the dispute between the Communist Parties of the two countries.
In light of the situation, from September 6, 1963, to July 14, 1964, the CPC Central Committee, in the name of the editorial departments of People's Daily and Hongqi (Red Flag) magazine, issued nine commentaries, including "Roots and Evolution of Divergence between Leaders of the CPSU and Us," which reviewed differences between both sides since 1956 and criticized leaders of the CPSU. From then on, the dispute between China and the Soviet Union turned white hot. (AFP)
China's first atomic bomb exploded (1964)
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October 16, 1964, China successfully exploded its first atomic bomb.
However, this brilliant success was achieved under extremely difficult conditions.
When the People's Republic of China was founded in 1949, the Soviet Union agreed to aid China technologically in the development of nuclear industry. However, in June 1959, the USSR refused to provide relevant information as it had previously promised. Moreover, the Soviet Union recalled all technicians and advisers from China.
In July 1960 Chairman Mao Zedong called on Chinese scientists to rely on their own efforts and develop China's atomic bomb within eight years.
On October 16, 1964, China successfully exploded its first atomic bomb. The Chinese people had finally developed their own nuclear technology.
On the same day, the Chinese government made a solemn promise to the world that it developed nuclear weapons only for the purpose of self-defense and safeguarding national security. China would never at any time or under any circumstances be the first to use nuclear weapons.
AP reported that analysts said China's first nuclear equippment must be a rough one, however, the nuclear power in Aisa - no matter how rought it is - is a symbol of International status, scientific technology and military power. It is a touching moment, and as well it is a scary moment, too!
'Cultural revolution': different test with nuclear tests (1966-1976)
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The "cultural revolution" was a political movement mistakenly launched and led by Mao Zedong who misestimated China's class situation and political circumstances.
Unfortunately, it was exploited by two counter-revolutionary cliques respectively headed by Lin Biao and Jiang Qing, and caused serious damage to the Chinese Communist Party, the nation and all peoples.
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In 1976, after Zhou Enlai and Mao Zedong passed away, the Polit-buro of the CPC led by Hua Guofeng smashed the Jiang Qing counter-revolutionary clique, bringing an end to the calamity.
Daily News of Japan said the "Cultral revolution" was a deep test that couldn't be matched by nulcear tests, and its result should be judged through long term of time.
Sino–Soviet border conflict (1969)
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The Sino–Soviet border conflict was a seven months military conflict between the Soviet Union and People's Republic of China at the height of the Sino–Soviet split in 1969. The most serious of these border clashes occurred in March 1969 in the vicinity of Zhenbao Island on the Ussuri River, also known as Damanskii Island in Russia. Chinese historians most commonly refer to the conflict by the Zhenbao Island incident. The conflict was finally resolved with future border demarcations.
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China's First Man-made Satellite (1970)
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China launched its first satellite Dong Fang Hong I (DFH I) to earth orbit on April 24, 1970, becoming the fifth country in the world to independently launch satellite following the USSR, USA, France and Japan. The 390-lb. electronic ball floated around the earth blaring the patriotic song The East Is Red.
Dong Fang Hong I was sent to the space by China's own "Long March" space rocket. The total mass of the spin stabilized satellite was 173 kg, heavier than the weight of the Soviet Union, US, France and Japan's first satellites added together. It took DFH I 114 minutes to surround the earth one time. Its shape was similar to the American Telstar, a seventy-two-face polyhedron 1 m in diameter. The satellite was spin stabilized during its flight in space.
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The successful launch of DFH I laid solid foundation for the development of spaceflight technology in China, fueled the emergence of the country's spaceflight industry and enabled China's technology in this field to keep up with the world pace.
China sending its first man-made satellite did astonish western world a lot. AFP said it means China already got the ability to produce an intercontinental missile; while AP said China had got its own atomic bomb and hydrogen bomb, and the successful launching of its first man-made satellite indicate that China can launch nuclear weapons to any place on this planet.
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